Carlsbad Caverns National Park
There is more to Carlsbad Caverns than just caves, although clearly the caves are no doubt the main reason for visiting. In the park you will also find overland trails across rocky slopes, where you will discover cactus, thorny shrubs and trees. Carlsbad Caverns National Park Service advise there is a massive range of wildlife calling the park home including:
- 67 species of mammals (including 17 species of bats)
- 357 species of birds
- 55 different reptiles and amphibians
- 5 species of fish
- over 600 insects
The Big Room
The biggest cave chamber in the park and in fact in North America, is the Big Room. The Big Room can be accessed via the Natural Entrance route into Carlsbad Cavern or via an elevator located within the visitor centre.
The Bat Cave
Each summer Carlsbad Cavern is home to thousands of Mexican Free-tail bats, which take up residence in the cave between March and October.
Entering Carlsbad Cavern
I did a self-guided tour of Carlsbad Cavern, entering via the Natural Entrance. This is a steep 1.25 mile long, 750 feet descent (equivalent to approximately 79 stories) via a paved and lit switchback route. There’s a 1 mile perimeter trail in the Big Room at the bottom of the Natural Entrance trail which is approximately two-thirds wheelchair accessible. Note, baby strollers (pushchairs) and walking sticks are not permitted in the caves.
Natural features and formations
Carlsbad Caverns contains a range of natural features; in addition to stalagmites and stalactites you can see columns, soda straws, popcorn (not the type you want to eat!), helictites and draperies. Learn more about them in the National Park guide to Cave Geology.
The Bat Flight Program
Each night at sunset, the bats stream out of Carlsbad Cavern in order to feed. Visitors can watch this mesmerising experience up-close as the National Park Service has built an amphitheatre around the natural entrance to the cave.
In order not to disturb or scare the bats, the public must remain silent and camera equipment is banned. That’s fair enough.
Observing the bat flight can take anything from 20 minutes up to two hours depending upon bat numbers. It’s an incredible experience to watch and a little unnerving to recall that before watching this display, we were deep down in the very same cave with all of those Free-tail bats!
Silence is not only good for the bats, it enhances the experience for visitors too; it’s quite something to be able to sit there and not only watch hundreds of thousands of bats stream out of the mouth of the cave, even more amazing to actually hear the fluttering of their tiny wings.
400k bats were recorded in the summer of 2005 but this number can grow to approximately 750k by the time the bats are ready to migrate in October, when they fly south for the winter. During my visit one October, the park ranger estimated that there were approximately 750k bats residing in Carlsbad Cavern!
Find out more/plan your visit
If you visit Carlsbad Caverns National Park, I highly recommend you explore the cave, via the Natural Entrance if you are able and stay around to watch the sunset Bat Flight Program.
Disclaimer: I was not asked to write this post and received no payment for it.